The Effect of 20-Minute Mindful Breathing on the Perception of Suffering and Changes in Bispectral Index Score in Palliative Care Patients: A Randomized Controlled Study

Tan Seng Beng, How Wen Jie, Loo Hui Yan, Cheah Xin Ni, David Paul Capelle, Anne Yee, Ng Chong Guan, Mohd Shahnaz bin Hasan, Lim Kheng Seang, Loh Ee Chin, Lam Chee Loong

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A randomized controlled study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of 20-minute mindful breathing in suffering reduction. Forty palliative care patients with an overall suffering score of 4 or above as measured with the Suffering Pictogram were recruited and randomly assigned to 20-minute mindful breathing or 20-minute supportive listening. There was statistically significant reduction of suffering score in both the groups. For Bispectral Index Score value, there was statistically significant difference between intervention and control. A 20-minute mindful breathing could be useful in the alleviation of suffering in palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-484
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • mindful breathing
  • mindfulness
  • palliative care
  • psychosocial care
  • suffering

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