The economic impacts of direct natural disaster exposure

Meliyanni Johar, David W. Johnston, Michael A. Shields, Peter Siminski, Olena Stavrunova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We estimate the economic impacts of having your home damaged or destroyed by a natural disaster. Regressions with individual, area and time fixed-effects, indicate that experiencing a natural disaster has no impact on employment and income, but substantial impacts on financial hardship and risk aversion. Impacts are particularly large for smaller isolated disasters, which attract little government support. Conversely, impacts of residing in a disaster zone without experiencing residential destruction are small. Using a Group Fixed Effects estimator, we find predictors of financial vulnerability to destruction include age, parenthood, illness, and social support. These results can help improve the allocation of government assistance after future disasters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-39
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Financial Hardship
  • Mental Health
  • Natural Disasters
  • Resilience
  • Risk Aversion

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