The dynamics of surface acoustic wave-driven scaffold cell seeding

Melanie Bok, Haiyan Li, Leslie Yu-Ming Yeo, James Friend

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Flow visualization using fluorescent microparticles and cell viability investigations are carried out to examine the mechanisms by which cells are seeded into scaffolds driven by surface acoustic waves. The former consists of observing both the external flow prior to the entry of the suspension into the scaffold and the internal flow within the scaffold pores. The latter involves micro-CT (computed tomography) scans of the particle distributions within the seeded scaffolds and visual and quantitative methods to examine the morphology and proliferation ability of the irradiated cells. The results of these investigations elucidate the mechanisms by which particles are seeded, and hence provide valuable information that form the basis for optimizing this recently discovered method for rapid, efficient, and uniform scaffold cell seeding. Yeast cells are observed to maintain their size and morphology as well as their proliferation ability over 14 days after they are irradiated. The mammalian primary osteoblast cells tested also show little difference in their viability when exposed to the surface acoustic wave irradiation compared to a control set. Together, these provide initial feasibility results that demonstrate the surface acoustic wave technology as a viable seeding method without risk of denaturing the cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387 - 401
Number of pages15
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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