The distributional effects of the Hilmer reforms on the Australian gas industry

George Verikios, Xiao-Guang Zhang

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    Abstract

    We analyse changes in the Australian gas industry during 1990s that were motivated by the Hilmer Reforms. We estimate the effects on real household income of the changes by combining a computable general equilibrium model with a microsimulation model. Although the structural changes were significant in their effects on the gas industry, they are estimated to have had minor effects on real household income in all Australian regions owing to the small size of the gas industry and household gas consumption at that time, and low importance of gas as an input to other industries. The changes are estimated to have slightly increased income inequality owing to the redistribution of income from labour to other primary factors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159 - 177
    Number of pages19
    JournalAustralian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
    Volume57
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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