The Diiron Monooxygenase CmlA from Chloramphenicol Biosynthesis Allows Reconstitution of β-Hydroxylation during Glycopeptide Antibiotic Biosynthesis

Milda Kaniusaite, Robert J. A. Goode, Ralf B. Schittenhelm, Thomas M. Makris, Max J. Cryle

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15 Citations (Scopus)


β-Hydroxylation plays an important role in the nonribosomal peptide biosynthesis of many important natural products, including bleomycin, chloramphenicol, and the glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs). Various oxidative enzymes have been implicated in such a process, with the mechanism of incorporation varying from installation of hydroxyl groups in amino acid precursors prior to adenylation to direct amino acid oxidation during peptide assembly. In this work, we demonstrate the in vitro utility and scope of the unusual nonheme diiron monooxygenase CmlA from chloramphenicol biosynthesis for the β-hydroxylation of a diverse range of carrier protein bound substrates by adapting this enzyme as a non-native trans-acting enzyme within NRPS-mediated GPA biosynthesis. The results from our study show that CmlA has a broad substrate specificity for modified phenylalanine/tyrosine residues as substrates and can be used in a practical strategy to functionally cross complement compatible NRPS biosynthesis pathways in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2019

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