The development of XO gynogenetic mouse embryos

J. R. Mann, R. H. Lovell-Badge

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diploid gynogenetic embryos, which have two sets of maternal and no paternal chromosomes, die at or soon after implantation. Since normal female embryos preferentially inactivate the paternally derived X chromosome in certain extraembryonic membranes, the inviability of diploid gynogenetic embryos might be due to difficulties in achieving an equivalent inactivation of one of their two maternally derived X chromosomes. In order to investigate this possibility, we constructed XO gynogenetic embryos by nuclear transplantation at the 1-cell stage. These XO gynogenones showed the same mortality around the time of implantation as did their XX gynogenetic counterparts. This shows that the lack of a paternally derived autosome set is sufficient to cause gynogenetic inviability at this stage. Autosomal imprinting and its possible relation to X-chromosome imprinting is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-416
Number of pages6
JournalDevelopment
Volume99
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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