The de Winter electrocardiogram pattern in a 52-year-old-male: A case report

Matthew DI Toro, Stephen Weissbacher, Jarrod Wakeling, DIon Stub

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) remains the primary test for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) secondary to acute coronary occlusion or near occlusion, with insufficient collateral circulation. Decisions regarding urgent reperfusion are based on whether or not there's new ST-segment elevation. The de Winter ECG pattern is a distinct ECG pattern without any ST-segment elevation, it may be missed by anyone unfamiliar with it. Case summary: We present a case whose chief complaint was severe central chest pain, the patient was diagnosed with acute MI secondary to a culprit lesion in the left anterior descending artery, despite the ECG not meeting standard STEMI criteria. After the ECG's significance was recognized by paramedics, the patient received immediate percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting and was discharged home after a brief hospital admission. Discussion: In some cases, acute MI presents with ECG features that do not meet the standard criteria for STEMI diagnosis. The de Winter ECG pattern is one such example. This pattern should be immediately recognizable to those responsible for the activation of the catheterization laboratory, physicians, and paramedics included.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberytaa321
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Case Reports
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Case report
  • de Winter
  • Electrocardiograph
  • STEMI equivalent

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