The cost-effective use of 18F-FDG PET in the presurgical evaluation of medically refractory focal epilepsy

Terence J. O'Brien, Ken Miles, Robert Ware, Mark J. Cook, David S. Binns, Rodney J. Hicks

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Abstract

This study applied decision tree analysis to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and cost-effectiveness of clinical algorithms that incorporate 18F-FDG PET. Methods: A cohort of 176 patients was studied. The localization rate, accuracy, therapeutic impact on the presurgical decision-making process, and correlation with the postsurgical outcome were assessed for the tests commonly performed for seizure localization. Decision tree sensitivity analysis compared 3 imaging strategies with a baseline strategy of medical therapy for all: video-electroencephalography monitoring (VEM)/MRI strategy, in which patients underwent VEM and brain MRI only, and +SPECT and +PET strategies, in which patients with an indeterminate VEM/MRI result underwent ictal SPECT or interictal 18F-FDG PET, respectively. Results: The localization rates for VEM, MRI, 18F-FDG PET, ictal SPECT, and intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) were 62.2%, 35.8%, 75.0%, 60.0%, and 93.8%. The VEM/MRI strategy had the lowest cost per class I/II outcome, but the additional costs per class I/II outcome for the +PET and +SPECT strategies were always below the minimum reported cost savings for a class I/II outcome. There were no valid conditions in which the +SPECT strategy had a lower cost per class I/II outcome than the +PET strategy. Within the range of cost savings estimated to be associated with a class I/II outcome, all decision strategies produced net cost savings; however, these were significantly higher for the +PET and the +SPECT strategies. Conclusion: 18F-FDG PET is cost-effective in the presurgical evaluation, particularly when used in patients with a nonlocalizing or nonconcordant VEM or MRI result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-937
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decision tree analysis
  • Epilepsy
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • FDG
  • Neurology
  • PET

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