The correlation of EMT and p53 immunohistochemical markers with cisplatin resistance in muscle invasive bladder cancer patients: A single-centred study

Y. Paramanantham, N. A. B M Said, K. S. Mun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


INTRODUCTION: Although epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and p53 have been established to play a pivotal role in the aggressiveness of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), its pathological correlation to cisplatin treatment in the Malaysian patient cohort is lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the association of EMT markers, e-cadherin, vimentin and actin, as well as tumour suppressor gene, p53, in cisplatin-receiving MIBC patients. 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formalin-fixed paraffinembedded (FFPE) blocks of muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy between January 2010 to December 2020 were traced. Immunohistochemistry staining was performed on traced blocks using antibodies to e-cadherin, vimentin and actin, and p53. 

RESULTS: p53 and e-cadherin were stained positive in most cases (p=0.515 and 0.242 respectively), although e-cadherin showed stronger positive expression in pre-cisplatin receiving MIBC cases. All the cases stained negative for actin and vimentin except for faint staining observed in one pre-cisplatin case. 

CONCLUSION: Although this study does not show a significant correlation between EMT markers and p53 with cisplatin-responsiveness in MIBC patients, the results serve as preliminary findings on the heterogeneous outcomes of molecular staining in the Malaysian MIBC patient cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalThe Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

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