The cognitive ecology of the internet

Paul Smart, Richard Heersmink, Robert W. Clowes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


In this chapter, we analyze the relationships between the Internet and its users in terms of situated cognition theory. We first argue that the Internet is a new kind of cognitive ecology, providing almost constant access to a vast amount of digital information that is increasingly more integrated into our cognitive routines. We then briefly introduce situated cognition theory and its species of embedded, embodied, extended, distributed and collective cognition. Having thus set the stage, we begin by taking an embedded cognition view and analyze how the Internet aids certain cognitive tasks. After that, we conceptualize how the Internet enables new kinds of embodied interaction, extends certain aspects of our embodiment, and examine how wearable technologies that monitor physiological, behavioral and contextual states transform the embodied self. On the basis of the degree of cognitive integration between a user and Internet resource, we then look at how and when the Internet extends our cognitive processes. We end this chapter with a discussion of distributed and collective cognition as facilitated by the Internet.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCognition beyond the Brain
Subtitle of host publicationComputation, Interactivity and Human Artifice, Second Edition
EditorsStephen Cowley, Fredirique Vallée-Tourangeau
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9783319491158
ISBN (Print)9783319491141
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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