The cDNA structure and expression analysis of the genes for the cysteine proteinase inhibitor cystatin C and for β2‐microglobulin in rat brain

Timothy COLE, Phillip W. DICKSON, Frederic ESNARD, Sharon AVERILL, Gail P. RISBRIDGER, Francis GAUTHIER, Gerhard SCHREIBER

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Tissue patterns of gene expression were analyzed by measuring mRNA levels and incorporation of radioactive amino acids for cystatin C and β2‐microglobulin, the two extracellular proteins in the brain with the highest ratio of concentration in cerebrospinal fluid over that in blood plasma. The primary structure of rat cystatin C mRNA from choroid plexus was determined by nucleotide sequencing of cloned cDNA and the tissue patterns of gene expression were analysed by RNA blot analysis and in situ hybridization. Cystatin C was found to be composed of 120 amino acids and to contain a potential site for N‐linked glycosylation. The tissue with the highest cystatin C mRNA level was the choroid plexus of the brain. Cystatin C mRNA was also detected in lower levels in other areas of the brain, testis, epididymis, seminal vesicles, prostate, ovary, submandibular gland, and, in trace amounts, in liver. Choroid plexus pieces in culture secreted radioactive cystatin C when incubated with radioactive leucine. Rat β2‐microglobulin cDNA was cloned and identified by nucleotide sequencing and comparison of the obtained sequence with that of mouse and human β2‐microglobulin cDNA. Tissue levels of β2‐microglobulin mRNA in the rat were measured by hybridization to rat β2‐microglobulin cDNA. The highest levels of β2‐microglobulin mRNA were observed in liver and choroid plexus. Other parts of the brain and testis contained lower levels of β2‐microglobulin mRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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