The carnivorous syndrome in Nepenthes pitcher plants: Current state of knowledge and potential future directions

Jonathan Moran, Charles Clarke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Nepenthes is the largest genus of pitcher plants, with its centre of diversity in SE Asia. The plants grow in substrates that are deficient in N and offset this deficiency by trapping animal prey, primarily arthropods. Recent research has provided new insights into the function of the pitchers, particularly with regard to prey tapping and retention. Species examined to date use combinations of wettable peristomes, wax layers and viscoelastic fluid to trap and retain prey. In many respects, this has redefined our understanding of the functioning of Nepenthes pitchers. In addition, recent research has shown that several Nepenthes species target specific groups of prey animals, or are even evolving away from a strictly carnivorous mode of operation. Future research into nutrient sequestration strategies and mechanisms of prey attraction would no doubt further enhance our knowledge of the ecology of this remarkable genus.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)644 - 648
    Number of pages5
    JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
    Volume5
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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