The bivariate probit model, maximum likelihood estimation, pseudo true parameters and partial identification

Chuhui Li, D.S. Poskitt, Xueyan Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the notion of “identification by functional form” for two equation triangular systems for binary endogenous variables by providing a bridge between the literature on the recursive bivariate probit model and that on partial identification. We evaluate the impact of functional form on the performance of (quasi) maximum likelihood estimators, and investigate the practical importance of available instruments in both cases of correct and incorrect distributional specification. Finally, we calculate average treatment effect bounds and demonstrate how properties of the estimators are explicable via a link between the notion of pseudo-true parameters and the concepts of partial identification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-113
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Average treatment effect
  • Binary outcome models
  • Copula
  • Identified set
  • Instrumental variables
  • Misspecification

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