The Biot–Stokes coupling using total pressure: Formulation, analysis and application to interfacial flow in the eye

Ricardo Ruiz-Baier, Matteo Taffetani, Hans D. Westermeyer, Ivan Yotov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We consider a multiphysics model for the flow of Newtonian fluid coupled with Biot consolidation equations through an interface, and incorporating total pressure as an unknown in the poroelastic region. A new mixed-primal finite element scheme is proposed solving for the pairs fluid velocity–pressure and displacement–total poroelastic pressure using Stokes-stable elements, and where the formulation does not require Lagrange multipliers to set up the usual transmission conditions on the interface. The stability and well-posedness of the continuous and semi-discrete problems are analysed in detail. Our numerical study is framed in the context of applicative problems pertaining to heterogeneous geophysical flows and to eye poromechanics. For the latter, we investigate different interfacial flow regimes in Cartesian and axisymmetric coordinates that could eventually help describe early morphologic changes associated with glaucoma development in canine species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114384
Number of pages30
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Biot consolidation
  • Eye fluid poromechanics
  • Mixed finite element methods
  • Porous media flow
  • Total pressure
  • Transmission problem

Cite this