The benign course of liver disease in adults with cystic fibrosis and the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The life expectancy of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has been increasing and the associated liver disease has emerged as a significant medical issue. Our aim was to describe the clinical features, course and effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on liver disease in an adult CF population. STUDY: From 1983 to 2005, 278 patients with CF were followed up at the Alfred Hospital, an adult tertiary referral centre. Twenty-seven patients (9.7 ) satisfied the criteria for liver disease and their clinico-pathological features were assessed. The effect of UDCA on hepatobiliary symptoms and biochemical parameters was determined. RESULTS: The mean age at liver disease diagnosis was 23 years (range 8-47 years). Portal hypertension was present in 18 (67 ) patients. During a median follow-up of 7 years (range 1.5-15), variceal haemorrhage occurred in two patients and ascites in three (one spontaneously). Nine (33 ) patients died and five (19 ) underwent lung transplantation. There was no encephalopathy, liver transplantation or liver-related deaths. UDCA was taken by 22 patients and was associated with a significant improvement in hepatobiliary symptoms [11/22 (50 ) in the pre-UDCA period vs 1/22 (4 ) in the post-UDCA period; P=0.0003] and a significant reduction in aspartate aminotransferase (P=0.005); alanine aminotransferase (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402 - 1408
Number of pages7
JournalLiver International
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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