The battle of saipan in Japanese civilian memoirs: Non-combatants, soldiers and the complexities of surrender

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Abstract

In Japan, ‘Saipan’ refers both to a nearby tropical holiday, and to the site of a battle that annihilated Japanese troops, embroiled the large population of Japanese residents on the island and ultimately spelled the end of the Japanese empire, now within the reach of bombers. In other places, and particularly amongst the Allies, Saipan conjures up images of civilians jumping to their death rather than facing capture, leading to simplistic assessments about fanaticism being rife across all sections of Japanese society; to a focus on suicide that overshadows the true extent of the battle’s collateral damage; and to largely unexamined statements about military exploitation of civilians and the murder of civilians in extremis. This article uses the memoirs of civilian survivors of the battle to reflect on the civilian experience of the battle of Saipan, relationships between Japanese combatants and non-combatants during the fighting, and the complexities of surrender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-267
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Pacific History
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Asia-Pacific War
  • Collateral damage
  • Japanese memoirs
  • Non-combatants
  • Saipan
  • Surrender

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