The ATP Transporter VNUT Mediates Induction of Dectin-1-Triggered Candida Nociception

Kenta Maruyama, Yasunori Takayama, Erika Sugisawa, Yu Yamanoi, Takashi Yokawa, Takeshi Kondo, Ken-ichi Ishibashi, Bikash Ranjan Sahoo, Naoki Takemura, Yuki Mori, Hisashi Kanemaru, Yutaro Kumagai, Mikaël M. Martino, Yoshichika Yoshioka, Hisao Nishijo, Hiroki Tanaka, Atsushi Sasaki, Naohito Ohno, Yoichiro Iwakura, Yoshinori MoriyamaMasatoshi Nomura, Shizuo Akira, Makoto Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Summary Candida albicans infection can cause skin, vulvar, or oral pain. Despite the obvious algesic activity of C. albicans, the molecular mechanisms of fungal nociception remain largely unknown. Here we show that the C. albicans-specific signaling pathway led to severe mechanical allodynia. We discovered that C. albicans-derived β-glucan stimulated nociceptors depending on Dectin-1, and two pathways in inflammatory pain. The major pathway operates via the Dectin-1-mediated ATP-P2X3/P2X2/3 axis through intercellular relationships between keratinocytes and primary sensory neurons, which depends on the ATP transporter vesicular nucleotide transporter (VNUT). The other pathway operates via the Dectin-1-mediated PLC-TRPV1/TRPA1 axis in primary sensory neurons. Intriguingly, C. albicans-derived β-glucan has the ability to enhance histamine-independent pruritus, and VNUT inhibitor clodronate can be used to treat unpleasant feelings induced by β-glucan. Collectively, this is the first report to indicate that Dectin-1 and VNUT mediated innate sensory mechanisms that detect fungal infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-318
Number of pages13
JournaliScience
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Molecular Mechanism of Behavior, Molecular Neuroscience, Medical Microbiology

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