The association between systolic blood pressure on arrival at hospital and outcome in adults surviving from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of presumed cardiac aetiology

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Abstract

Background: The optimal blood pressure target following successful resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is uncertain. This study aimed to explore the association between level of systolic blood pressure (SBP) on arrival at hospital and survival to hospital discharge. Methods: We analysed eligible OHCAs occurring between January 2003 and December 2011 from the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Register (VACAR). Inclusion criteria were: adults (=18 years), presumed cardiac aetiology, not paramedic witnessed, and ROSC at hospital arrival. Multivariate logistic regression models were performed by initial rhythm (shockable/non-shockable) to examine the relationship between SBP at hospital arrival in 10 mmHg increments and survival to hospital discharge. Models were adjusted for known predictors of survival, including duration of arrest. Results: Of 3620 eligible cases, 14 were hypotensive (SBP <90 mmHg) on hospital arrival (10 shockable and 19 non-shockable). For patients in shockable rhythms, discharge survival was maximal at 120-129 mmHg (54 ), and in the adjusted model (=120 mmHg as reference) SBP decrements below 90 mmHg were associated with lower survival: 80-89 mmHg AOR = 0.49 (95 CI: 0.24-0.95);
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509 - 515
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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