The association between measures of visual perception, visual-motor integration, and in-hand manipulation skills of school-age children and their manuscript handwriting speed

Ted Brown, Julia Link

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate whether measures of visual perception, visual-motor integration, and in-hand manipulation skills of school-age children were associated with their manuscript handwriting speed. Method: A convenience sample of 39 typically developing Australian students aged six to eight years completed the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration - 6th edition (DTVMI), the Developmental Test of Visual Perception - 3rd edition (DTVP-3), the Test of In-Hand Manipulation - Revised (TIHM-R), and the Handwriting Speed Test (HST). Spearman rho correlations and multi-linear regression analyses were completed to analyze the data.Results: Significant correlations were found between visual perception, visual-motor integration, and in-hand manipulation skills and total letters written and total letters per minute. Regression analyses indicated that, when modeled together, the DTVP-3 eye-hand coordination and visual closure subscales and the TIHM-R were significant predictors of total letters written accounting for 25.5 of the variance. The DTVP-3 copying and visual closure subscales and the TIHM-R were predictive of total letters written per minute, with the TIHM-R making a significant unique contribution of 9.1 to the total variance of 26 .Conclusion: Visual perception abilities, specifically visual closure skills, plus in-hand manipulation skills appear to be significant predictors of children's printing speed and need to be assessed and potentially targeted for skill remediation when working with school-age children who present with manuscript handwriting difficulties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Manuscript handwriting
  • printing
  • speed
  • visual perception
  • visual-motor integration
  • in-hand manipulation
  • occupational therapy
  • children

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