The association between ambient air pollution and selected adverse pregnancy outcomes in China: A systematic review

Milena Jacobs, Guicheng Zhang, Shu Chen, Ben Mullins, Michelle Bell, Lan Jin, Yuming Guo, Rachel Huxley, Gavin Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


The association between exposure to ambient air pollution and respiratory or cardiovascular endpoints is well-established. An increasing number of studies have shown that this exposure is also associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the majority of research has been undertaken in high-income western countries, with relatively lower levels of exposure. There is now a sufficient number of studies to warrant an assessment of effects in China, a relatively higher exposure setting. We conducted a systematic review of 25 studies examining the association between ambient air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes (lower birth weight, preterm birth, mortality, and congenital anomaly) in China, published between 1980 and 2015. The results indicated that sulphur dioxide (SO2) was more consistently associated with lower birth weight and preterm birth, and that coarse particulate matter (PM10) was associated with congenital anomaly, notably cardiovascular defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1192
Number of pages14
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Birth defects
  • Congenital anomaly
  • Low birth weight
  • Mortality
  • Pollution
  • Preterm birth

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