The application of a systems thinking design toolkit to improve situation awareness and safety at road intersections

Gemma J M Read, Paul M. Salmon, Michael G. Lenné

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

3 Citations (Scopus)


Incompatibility in situation awareness at intersections has been identified as playing a role in road crashes. One of the key factors underpinning these incompatibilities is the design of the road environment. In this study, findings from the analysis of road user situation awareness using schema theory, event analysis of systemic teamwork and cognitive work analysis were used within a participatory design process involving the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit (CWA-DT) to generate new design concepts. This paper provides a summary of the design process and outcomes as well as findings from an evaluation of the CWA-DT based on participants’ subjective experience of the process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcedia Manufacturing
Subtitle of host publication6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015) and the Affiliated Conferences, AHFE 2015
EditorsTareq Ahram, Waldemar Karwowski, Dylan Schmorrow
Place of PublicationAmsterdam Netherlands
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics 2015 - Las Vegas NV USA, Las Vegas, United States of America
Duration: 26 Jul 201530 Jul 2015
Conference number: 6th

Publication series

NameProcedia Manufacturing
ISSN (Print)2351-9789


ConferenceInternational Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics 2015
Abbreviated titleAHFE 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
CityLas Vegas
Internet address


  • Cognitive work analysis
  • Design
  • Event analysis of systemic teamwork
  • Road intersections
  • Schema theory
  • Situation awareness

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