Molecular acid/base properties have a significant influence on membrane permeation, metabolism, absorption, and affinity for biological targets. In particular, ionizable groups are critical in the strength of target-molecule interactions, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity. In this study, we estimated the acid/base properties of the food chemicals from FooDB, a public compound collection with more than 22,000 compounds. It was found that the food chemicals have 40.9 % of neutral compounds, which is twice as many as that found in approved drugs. The most common functional groups among the acid groups in the food chemicals were phenols (16.1 %), phosphates (17.3 %), and carboxylates (17.3 %) while the single-base-containing compounds were of less interest as they accounted for just 5.5 %. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic acid/base profiling of food chemicals and it is part of a continued effort to profile food chemicals for their broad interest in several areas such as nutrition and the food industry in general.
- ionization constant