The accumulation and trapping of grains at planet gaps: Effects of grain growth and fragmentation

J. F. Gonzalez, G. Laibe, S. T. Maddison, C. Pinte, F. Ménard

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We model the dust evolution in protoplanetary disks with full 3D, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), two-phase (gas+dust) hydrodynamical simulations. The gas+dust dynamics, where aerodynamic drag leads to the vertical settling and radial migration of grains, is consistently treated. In a previous work, we characterized the spatial distribution of non-growing dust grains of different sizes in a disk containing a gap-opening planet and investigated the gap's detectability with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Here we take into account the effects of grain growth and fragmentation and study their impact on the distribution of solids in the disk. We show that rapid grain growth in the two accumulation zones around planet gaps is strongly affected by fragmentation. We discuss the consequences for ALMA observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hydrodynamics
  • Methods: numerical
  • Planet-disk interactions
  • Protoplanetary disks
  • Submillimeter: planetary systems

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