The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study

Jacqueline Tunnecliff, Dragan Ilic, Prue Elizabeth Morgan, Jennifer Lyn Keating, James Edmund Gaida, Lynette Clearihan, Sivalal Sadasivan, David Davies, Shankar Ganesh, Patitapaban Mohanty, John Mark Weiner, John Reynolds, Stephen Ryan Maloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers? and clinicians? current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e119
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • social media
  • evidence-based medicine
  • communication
  • eLearning

Cite this

@article{3b4e277ff81048eebb6d51ea30097774,
title = "The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study",
abstract = "Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers? and clinicians? current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3{\%}. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2{\%} (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0{\%} (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9{\%}, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0{\%} (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9{\%}, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3{\%}) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.",
keywords = "social media, evidence-based medicine, communication, eLearning",
author = "Jacqueline Tunnecliff and Dragan Ilic and Morgan, {Prue Elizabeth} and Keating, {Jennifer Lyn} and Gaida, {James Edmund} and Lynette Clearihan and Sivalal Sadasivan and David Davies and Shankar Ganesh and Patitapaban Mohanty and Weiner, {John Mark} and John Reynolds and Maloney, {Stephen Ryan}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.2196/jmir.4347",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "e119",
journal = "Journal of Medical Internet Research",
issn = "1439-4456",
publisher = "Journal of Medical Internet Research",
number = "5",

}

The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study. / Tunnecliff, Jacqueline; Ilic, Dragan; Morgan, Prue Elizabeth; Keating, Jennifer Lyn; Gaida, James Edmund; Clearihan, Lynette; Sadasivan, Sivalal; Davies, David; Ganesh, Shankar; Mohanty, Patitapaban; Weiner, John Mark; Reynolds, John; Maloney, Stephen Ryan.

In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2015, p. e119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study

AU - Tunnecliff, Jacqueline

AU - Ilic, Dragan

AU - Morgan, Prue Elizabeth

AU - Keating, Jennifer Lyn

AU - Gaida, James Edmund

AU - Clearihan, Lynette

AU - Sadasivan, Sivalal

AU - Davies, David

AU - Ganesh, Shankar

AU - Mohanty, Patitapaban

AU - Weiner, John Mark

AU - Reynolds, John

AU - Maloney, Stephen Ryan

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers? and clinicians? current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.

AB - Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers? and clinicians? current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.

KW - social media

KW - evidence-based medicine

KW - communication

KW - eLearning

U2 - 10.2196/jmir.4347

DO - 10.2196/jmir.4347

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - e119

JO - Journal of Medical Internet Research

JF - Journal of Medical Internet Research

SN - 1439-4456

IS - 5

ER -