Tetramer immunization and selection followed by CELLISA Screening to Generate Monoclonal Antibodies against the Mouse Cytomegalovirus m12 Immunoevasin

Oscar A. Aguilar, Miho Tanaka, Gautham R. Balaji, Richard Berry, Jamie Rossjohn, Lewis L. Lanier, James R. Carlyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The generation of reliable mAb of unique and desired specificities serves as a valuable technology to study protein expression and function. However, standard approaches to mAb generation usually involve large-scale protein purification and intensive screening. In this study, we describe an optimized high-throughput proof-of-principle method for the expanded generation, enrichment, and screening of mouse hybridomas secreting mAb specific for a protein of interest. Briefly, we demonstrate that small amounts of a biotinylated protein of interest can be used to generate tetramers for use as prime-boost immunogens, followed by selective enrichment of Ag-specific B cells by magnetic sorting using the same tetramers prior to hybridoma generation. This serves two purposes: 1) to effectively expand both low- and high-affinity B cells specific for the antigenic bait during immunization and 2) to minimize subsequent laborious hybridoma efforts by positive selection of Ag-specific, Ab-secreting cells prior to hybridoma fusion and validation screening. Finally, we employ a rapid and inexpensive screening technology, CELLISA, a high-throughput validation method that uses a chimeric Ag fused to the CD3z signaling domain expressed on enzyme-generating reporter cells; these reporters can detect specific mAb in hybridoma supernatants via plate-bound Ab-capture arrays, thereby easing screening. Using this strategy, we generated and characterized novel mouse mAb specific for a viral immunoevasin, the mouse CMV m12 protein, and suggest that these mAb may protect mice from CMV infection via passive immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1717
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume205
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2020

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