Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr

B A A Hoogakker, R S Smith, J S Singarayer, R Marchant, I C Prentice, J R M Allen, R S Anderson, S A Bhagwat, H Behling, O Borisova, M Bush, A Correa-Metrio, A de Vernal, J M Finch, B Frechette, S Lozano-Garcia, W D Gosling, W Granoszewski, E C Grimm, E Grüger & 21 others J Hanselman, S P Harrison, T R Hill, B Huntley, G Jiménez-Moreno, P Kershaw, M-P Ledru, D Magri, M McKenzie, U Müller, T Nakagawa, E Novenko, D Penny, L Sadori, L Scott, J Stevenson, P J Valdes, M Vandergoes, A Velichko, C Whitlock, C Tzedakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-73
Number of pages23
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this

Hoogakker, B. A. A., Smith, R. S., Singarayer, J. S., Marchant, R., Prentice, I. C., Allen, J. R. M., ... Tzedakis, C. (2016). Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. Climate of the Past, 12(1), 51-73. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-51-2016
Hoogakker, B A A ; Smith, R S ; Singarayer, J S ; Marchant, R ; Prentice, I C ; Allen, J R M ; Anderson, R S ; Bhagwat, S A ; Behling, H ; Borisova, O ; Bush, M ; Correa-Metrio, A ; de Vernal, A ; Finch, J M ; Frechette, B ; Lozano-Garcia, S ; Gosling, W D ; Granoszewski, W ; Grimm, E C ; Grüger, E ; Hanselman, J ; Harrison, S P ; Hill, T R ; Huntley, B ; Jiménez-Moreno, G ; Kershaw, P ; Ledru, M-P ; Magri, D ; McKenzie, M ; Müller, U ; Nakagawa, T ; Novenko, E ; Penny, D ; Sadori, L ; Scott, L ; Stevenson, J ; Valdes, P J ; Vandergoes, M ; Velichko, A ; Whitlock, C ; Tzedakis, C. / Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. In: Climate of the Past. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 51-73.
@article{2adc365191cc438e9df88b9da8df8c9b,
title = "Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr",
abstract = "A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.",
author = "Hoogakker, {B A A} and Smith, {R S} and Singarayer, {J S} and R Marchant and Prentice, {I C} and Allen, {J R M} and Anderson, {R S} and Bhagwat, {S A} and H Behling and O Borisova and M Bush and A Correa-Metrio and {de Vernal}, A and Finch, {J M} and B Frechette and S Lozano-Garcia and Gosling, {W D} and W Granoszewski and Grimm, {E C} and E Gr{\"u}ger and J Hanselman and Harrison, {S P} and Hill, {T R} and B Huntley and G Jim{\'e}nez-Moreno and P Kershaw and M-P Ledru and D Magri and M McKenzie and U M{\"u}ller and T Nakagawa and E Novenko and D Penny and L Sadori and L Scott and J Stevenson and Valdes, {P J} and M Vandergoes and A Velichko and C Whitlock and C Tzedakis",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.5194/cp-12-51-2016",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "51--73",
journal = "Climate of the Past",
issn = "1814-9324",
publisher = "European Geosciences Union",
number = "1",

}

Hoogakker, BAA, Smith, RS, Singarayer, JS, Marchant, R, Prentice, IC, Allen, JRM, Anderson, RS, Bhagwat, SA, Behling, H, Borisova, O, Bush, M, Correa-Metrio, A, de Vernal, A, Finch, JM, Frechette, B, Lozano-Garcia, S, Gosling, WD, Granoszewski, W, Grimm, EC, Grüger, E, Hanselman, J, Harrison, SP, Hill, TR, Huntley, B, Jiménez-Moreno, G, Kershaw, P, Ledru, M-P, Magri, D, McKenzie, M, Müller, U, Nakagawa, T, Novenko, E, Penny, D, Sadori, L, Scott, L, Stevenson, J, Valdes, PJ, Vandergoes, M, Velichko, A, Whitlock, C & Tzedakis, C 2016, 'Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr', Climate of the Past, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 51-73. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-51-2016

Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. / Hoogakker, B A A; Smith, R S; Singarayer, J S; Marchant, R; Prentice, I C; Allen, J R M; Anderson, R S; Bhagwat, S A; Behling, H; Borisova, O; Bush, M; Correa-Metrio, A; de Vernal, A; Finch, J M; Frechette, B; Lozano-Garcia, S; Gosling, W D; Granoszewski, W; Grimm, E C; Grüger, E; Hanselman, J; Harrison, S P; Hill, T R; Huntley, B; Jiménez-Moreno, G; Kershaw, P; Ledru, M-P; Magri, D; McKenzie, M; Müller, U; Nakagawa, T; Novenko, E; Penny, D; Sadori, L; Scott, L; Stevenson, J; Valdes, P J; Vandergoes, M; Velichko, A; Whitlock, C; Tzedakis, C.

In: Climate of the Past, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2016, p. 51-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr

AU - Hoogakker, B A A

AU - Smith, R S

AU - Singarayer, J S

AU - Marchant, R

AU - Prentice, I C

AU - Allen, J R M

AU - Anderson, R S

AU - Bhagwat, S A

AU - Behling, H

AU - Borisova, O

AU - Bush, M

AU - Correa-Metrio, A

AU - de Vernal, A

AU - Finch, J M

AU - Frechette, B

AU - Lozano-Garcia, S

AU - Gosling, W D

AU - Granoszewski, W

AU - Grimm, E C

AU - Grüger, E

AU - Hanselman, J

AU - Harrison, S P

AU - Hill, T R

AU - Huntley, B

AU - Jiménez-Moreno, G

AU - Kershaw, P

AU - Ledru, M-P

AU - Magri, D

AU - McKenzie, M

AU - Müller, U

AU - Nakagawa, T

AU - Novenko, E

AU - Penny, D

AU - Sadori, L

AU - Scott, L

AU - Stevenson, J

AU - Valdes, P J

AU - Vandergoes, M

AU - Velichko, A

AU - Whitlock, C

AU - Tzedakis, C

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.

AB - A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.

UR - http://www.clim-past.net/12/51/2016/cp-12-51-2016.pdf

U2 - 10.5194/cp-12-51-2016

DO - 10.5194/cp-12-51-2016

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 51

EP - 73

JO - Climate of the Past

JF - Climate of the Past

SN - 1814-9324

IS - 1

ER -

Hoogakker BAA, Smith RS, Singarayer JS, Marchant R, Prentice IC, Allen JRM et al. Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. Climate of the Past. 2016;12(1):51-73. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-51-2016