Ternary system with controlled structure: a new strategy toward efficient organic photovoltaics

Pei Cheng, Rui Wang, Jingshuai Zhu, Wenchao Huang, Sheng Yung Chang, Lei Meng, Pengyu Sun, Hao-Wen Cheng, Meng Qin, Chenhui Zhu, Xiaowei Zhan, Yang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, a new type of active layer with a ternary system has been developed to further enhance the performance of binary system organic photovoltaics (OPV). In the ternary OPV, almost all active layers are formed by simple ternary blend in solution, which eventually leads to the disordered bulk heterojunction (BHJ) structure after a spin-coating process. There are two main restrictions in this disordered BHJ structure to obtain higher performance OPV. One is the isolated second donor or acceptor domains. The other is the invalid metal–semiconductor contact. Herein, the concept and design of donor/acceptor/acceptor ternary OPV with more controlled structure (C-ternary) is reported. The C-ternary OPV is fabricated by a sequential solution process, in which the second acceptor and donor/acceptor binary blend are sequentially spin-coated. After the device optimization, the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of all OPV with C-ternary are enhanced by 14–21% relative to those with the simple ternary blend; the best PCEs are 10.7 and 11.0% for fullerene-based and fullerene-free solar cells, respectively. Moreover, the averaged PCE value of 10.4% for fullerene-free solar cell measured in this study is in great agreement with the certified one of 10.32% obtained from Newport Corporation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1705243
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • non-fullerene
  • organic photovoltaics
  • organic solar cells
  • sequential process
  • ternary

Cite this

Cheng, P., Wang, R., Zhu, J., Huang, W., Chang, S. Y., Meng, L., Sun, P., Cheng, H-W., Qin, M., Zhu, C., Zhan, X., & Yang, Y. (2018). Ternary system with controlled structure: a new strategy toward efficient organic photovoltaics. Advanced Materials, 30(8), [1705243]. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201705243