Teaching and learning for multicultural societies: reimagining pedagogical content knowledge

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This paper examines the work of education in nation states where
mainstream education systems are undergoing significant external global
challenges. Education systems have been developed within a complex and
specific set of historical circumstances that were developed over hundreds of
years in sometimes distant imperial centres, overriding the needs of already
present systems of education that had been developed by Indigenous peoples.
Overlaying this challenge is a complexity of newer immigrant populations
that have settled in such nation-states, coming from all corners of the globe,
creating complex multicultural societies that demand, for example, that teacher
educators are able to teach student teachers how to meet the needs of school
students from myriad ethnic cultural and religious backgrounds. Of central
importance to this paper is the question of how nations such as Australia and
Japan, that endorsed the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
(United Nations 2008), manage their respective Indigenous rights challenge
within a multicultural space of negotiation, while recognizing the need to
substantially reimagine their national educations systems.
Within this context, the paper will first discuss emerging definitions
of ‘multicultural’, ‘global’, ‘local’, and ‘international’ and then move into an
examination of their interactions with teacher-, student-, and learning-centered
pedagogical traditions, providing analysis of the types of pedagogical content
knowledge that will be required by teacher educators and teachers in order for
them to expertly respond to the teaching and learning demands of multicultural
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-98
JournalJournal of International Education
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Global
  • local
  • international
  • multicultural societies
  • teaching and learning
  • pedagogical content knowledge
  • teacher-centred
  • student-centred
  • learning centred

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