Teaching and learning for multicultural societies: reimagining pedagogical content knowledge

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    This paper examines the work of education in nation states where
    mainstream education systems are undergoing significant external global
    challenges. Education systems have been developed within a complex and
    specific set of historical circumstances that were developed over hundreds of
    years in sometimes distant imperial centres, overriding the needs of already
    present systems of education that had been developed by Indigenous peoples.
    Overlaying this challenge is a complexity of newer immigrant populations
    that have settled in such nation-states, coming from all corners of the globe,
    creating complex multicultural societies that demand, for example, that teacher
    educators are able to teach student teachers how to meet the needs of school
    students from myriad ethnic cultural and religious backgrounds. Of central
    importance to this paper is the question of how nations such as Australia and
    Japan, that endorsed the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    (United Nations 2008), manage their respective Indigenous rights challenge
    within a multicultural space of negotiation, while recognizing the need to
    substantially reimagine their national educations systems.
    Within this context, the paper will first discuss emerging definitions
    of ‘multicultural’, ‘global’, ‘local’, and ‘international’ and then move into an
    examination of their interactions with teacher-, student-, and learning-centered
    pedagogical traditions, providing analysis of the types of pedagogical content
    knowledge that will be required by teacher educators and teachers in order for
    them to expertly respond to the teaching and learning demands of multicultural
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-98
    JournalJournal of International Education
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • Global
    • local
    • international
    • multicultural societies
    • teaching and learning
    • pedagogical content knowledge
    • teacher-centred
    • student-centred
    • learning centred

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