Targeting the platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa plays an essential role in thrombus formation through interactions with adhesive ligands and has emerged as a primary target for the development of anti-thrombotic agents. Receptor activation is under strict control, with activators, inhibitors, and signalling mechanisms controlling its conformation. Structural biology research has produced high-resolution images defining the ligand binding site at the atomic level. Successful blockade of this ligand binding has validated GPIIb/IIIa as a therapeutic target in cardiovascular medicine. GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors were the first rationally designed anti-platelet agents and have been used effectively in a wide variety of clinical scenarios including unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and high risk percutaneous coronary interventions with and without intracoronary stenting. Three inhibitors (abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban) are currently licensed for human use. Surprisingly, oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonists have not been successful and there is an unmet need for effective anti-GPIIb/IIIa drugs that cause less bleeding problems and that can be orally applied. Here we review our current knowledge about GPIIb/IIIa structure, signalling pathways and receptor function, the benefits and limitations of current GPIIb/IIIa blockers and we take a look forward how the lessons learned from the mixture of success and failure of GPIIb/IIIa blocker development can be transformed in new and better GPIIb/IIIa blockers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4119 - 4133
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Design
Volume16
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Cite this

@article{016b9cc7867b4e9f870115e9f2323b23,
title = "Targeting the platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa",
abstract = "The platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa plays an essential role in thrombus formation through interactions with adhesive ligands and has emerged as a primary target for the development of anti-thrombotic agents. Receptor activation is under strict control, with activators, inhibitors, and signalling mechanisms controlling its conformation. Structural biology research has produced high-resolution images defining the ligand binding site at the atomic level. Successful blockade of this ligand binding has validated GPIIb/IIIa as a therapeutic target in cardiovascular medicine. GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors were the first rationally designed anti-platelet agents and have been used effectively in a wide variety of clinical scenarios including unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and high risk percutaneous coronary interventions with and without intracoronary stenting. Three inhibitors (abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban) are currently licensed for human use. Surprisingly, oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonists have not been successful and there is an unmet need for effective anti-GPIIb/IIIa drugs that cause less bleeding problems and that can be orally applied. Here we review our current knowledge about GPIIb/IIIa structure, signalling pathways and receptor function, the benefits and limitations of current GPIIb/IIIa blockers and we take a look forward how the lessons learned from the mixture of success and failure of GPIIb/IIIa blocker development can be transformed in new and better GPIIb/IIIa blockers.",
author = "Hagemeyer, {Christoph Eugen} and Karlheinz Peter",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.2174/138161210794519255",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "4119 -- 4133",
journal = "Current Pharmaceutical Design",
issn = "1381-6128",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers",
number = "37",

}

Targeting the platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa. / Hagemeyer, Christoph Eugen; Peter, Karlheinz.

In: Current Pharmaceutical Design, Vol. 16, No. 37, 2010, p. 4119 - 4133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Targeting the platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa

AU - Hagemeyer, Christoph Eugen

AU - Peter, Karlheinz

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa plays an essential role in thrombus formation through interactions with adhesive ligands and has emerged as a primary target for the development of anti-thrombotic agents. Receptor activation is under strict control, with activators, inhibitors, and signalling mechanisms controlling its conformation. Structural biology research has produced high-resolution images defining the ligand binding site at the atomic level. Successful blockade of this ligand binding has validated GPIIb/IIIa as a therapeutic target in cardiovascular medicine. GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors were the first rationally designed anti-platelet agents and have been used effectively in a wide variety of clinical scenarios including unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and high risk percutaneous coronary interventions with and without intracoronary stenting. Three inhibitors (abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban) are currently licensed for human use. Surprisingly, oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonists have not been successful and there is an unmet need for effective anti-GPIIb/IIIa drugs that cause less bleeding problems and that can be orally applied. Here we review our current knowledge about GPIIb/IIIa structure, signalling pathways and receptor function, the benefits and limitations of current GPIIb/IIIa blockers and we take a look forward how the lessons learned from the mixture of success and failure of GPIIb/IIIa blocker development can be transformed in new and better GPIIb/IIIa blockers.

AB - The platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa plays an essential role in thrombus formation through interactions with adhesive ligands and has emerged as a primary target for the development of anti-thrombotic agents. Receptor activation is under strict control, with activators, inhibitors, and signalling mechanisms controlling its conformation. Structural biology research has produced high-resolution images defining the ligand binding site at the atomic level. Successful blockade of this ligand binding has validated GPIIb/IIIa as a therapeutic target in cardiovascular medicine. GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors were the first rationally designed anti-platelet agents and have been used effectively in a wide variety of clinical scenarios including unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and high risk percutaneous coronary interventions with and without intracoronary stenting. Three inhibitors (abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban) are currently licensed for human use. Surprisingly, oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonists have not been successful and there is an unmet need for effective anti-GPIIb/IIIa drugs that cause less bleeding problems and that can be orally applied. Here we review our current knowledge about GPIIb/IIIa structure, signalling pathways and receptor function, the benefits and limitations of current GPIIb/IIIa blockers and we take a look forward how the lessons learned from the mixture of success and failure of GPIIb/IIIa blocker development can be transformed in new and better GPIIb/IIIa blockers.

UR - http://www.eurekaselect.com/73292/article

U2 - 10.2174/138161210794519255

DO - 10.2174/138161210794519255

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 4119

EP - 4133

JO - Current Pharmaceutical Design

JF - Current Pharmaceutical Design

SN - 1381-6128

IS - 37

ER -