Targeted gene correction in the mdx mouse using short DNA fragments: Towards application with bone marrow-derived cells for autologous remodeling of dystrophic muscle

R. M. Kapsa, A. F. Quigley, J. Vadolas, K. Steeper, P. A. Ioannou, E. Byrne, A. J. Kornberg

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14 Citations (Scopus)


In muscle, mutant genes can be targeted and corrected directly by intramuscular (i.m.) injection of corrective DNA, or by ex vivo delivery of DNA to myogenic cells, followed by cell transplantation. Short fragment homologous replacement (SFHR) has been used to repair the exon 23 nonsense transition at the Xp21.1 dys locus in cultured cells and also, directly in tibialis anterior from male mdx mice. Whilst mdx dys locus correction can be achieved in up to 20% of cells in culture, much lower efficiency is evident by i.m. injection. The major consideration for application of targeted gene correction to muscle is delivery throughout relevant tissues. Systemically injected bone marrow (BM)-derived cells from wt C57BL/10 ScSn mice are known to remodel mdx muscle when injected into the systemic route. Provided that non muscle-derived cell types most capable of muscle remodeling activity can be more specifically identified, isolated and expanded, cell therapy seems presently the most favorable vehicle by which to deliver gene correction throughout muscle tissues. Using wt bone marrow as a model, this study investigates systemic application of bone marrow-derived cells as potential vehicles to deliver corrected (ie wt) dys locus to dystrophic muscle. Intravenous (i.v.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of wt BM were given to lethally and sub-lethally irradiated mdx mice. Despite both i.v. and surviving i.p. groups containing wt dys loci in 100% and less than 1% of peripheral blood nuclei, respectively, both groups displayed equivalent levels of wt dys transcript in muscle RNA. These results suggest that the muscle remodeling activity observed in systemically injected BM cells is not likely to be found in the hemopoietic fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-699
Number of pages5
JournalGene Therapy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone marrow
  • Dystrophin
  • mdx mouse
  • Muscle remodelling
  • Systemic injection

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