Targeted camptothecin delivery via silicon nanoparticles reduces breast cancer metastasis

Marietta Landgraf, Christoph A. Lahr, Abbas Shafiee, Alvaro Sanchez-Herrero, Akhilandeshwari Ravichandran, Christopher B. Howard, Anna Cifuentes-Rius, Jacqui A. McGovern, Nicolas H. Voelcker, Dietmar W. Hutmacher

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In advanced breast cancer (BCa) patients, not the primary tumor, but the development of distant metastases, which occur mainly in the organ bone, and their adverse health effects are responsible for high mortality. Targeted delivery of already known drugs which displayed potency, but rather unfavorable pharmacokinetic properties, might be a promising approach to overcome the current limitations of metastatic BCa therapy. Camptothecin (CPT) is a highly cytotoxic chemotherapeutic compound, yet poorly water-soluble and non-specific. Here, CPT was loaded into porous silicon nanoparticles (pSiNP) displaying the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting antibody (Ab) cetuximab to generate a soluble and targeted nanoscale delivery vehicle for cancer treatment. After confirming the cytotoxic effect of targeted CPT-loaded pSiNP in vitro on MDA-MB-231BO cells, nanoparticles were studied in a humanized BCa bone metastasis mouse model. Humanized tissue-engineered bone constructs (hTEBCs) provided a humanized microenvironment for BCa bone metastases in female NOD-scid IL2Rgnull (NSG) mice. Actively targeted CPT-loaded pSiNP led to a reduction of orthotopic primary tumor growth, increased survival rate and significant decrease in hTEBC and murine lung, liver and bone metastases. This study demonstrates that targeted delivery via pSiNP is an effective approach to employ CPT and other potent anti-cancer compounds with poor pharmacokinetic profiles in cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119791
Number of pages14
JournalBiomaterials
Volume240
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Porous silicon
  • Drug delivery
  • Triple-negative breast cancer
  • Bone metastases
  • Humanized animal model

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