Taking the "waste" out of "wastewater" for human water security and ecosystem sustainability

Stanley B Grant, Jean-Daniel Saphores, David L Feldman, Andrew J Hamilton, Tim D Fletcher, Perran Cook, Michael Stewardson, Brett F Sanders, Lisa A Levin, Richard F Ambrose, Ana Deletic, Rebekah Ruth Brown, Sunny C Jiang, Diego Rosso, William J Cooper, Ivan Marusic

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333 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans create vast quantities of wastewater through inefficiencies and poor management of water systems. The wasting of water poses sustainability challenges, depletes energy reserves, and undermines human water security and ecosystem health. Here we review emerging approaches for reusing wastewater and minimizing its generation. These complementary options make the most of scarce freshwater resources, serve the varying water needs of both developed and developing countries, and confer a variety of environmental benefits. Their widespread adoption will require changing how freshwater is sourced, used, managed, and priced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681 - 686
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume337
Issue number6095
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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