Tackling risky alcohol consumption in sport: A cluster randomised controlled trial of an alcohol management intervention with community football clubs

Melanie Kingsland, Luke Wolfenden, Jennifer Tindall, Bosco C. Rowland, Christophe Lecathelinais, Karen E. Gillham, Pennie Dodds, Maree N. Sidey, John C. Rogerson, Patrick McElduff, Ian Crundall, John H. Wiggers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: An increased prevalence of risky alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm has been reported for members of sporting groups and at sporting venues compared with non-sporting populations. While sports clubs and venues represent opportune settings to implement strategies to reduce such risks, no controlled trials have been reported. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of an alcohol management intervention in reducing risky alcohol consumption and the risk of alcohol-related harm among community football club members. Method: A cluster randomised controlled trial of an alcohol management intervention was undertaken with non-elite, community football clubs and their members in New South Wales, Australia. Risky alcohol consumption (5+ drinks) at the club and risk of alcoholrelated harm using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were measured at baseline and postintervention. Results: Eighty-eight clubs participated in the trial (n=43, Intervention; n=45, Control) and separate crosssectional samples of club members completed the baseline (N=1411) and postintervention (N=1143) surveys. Postintervention, a significantly lower proportion of intervention club members reported: risky alcohol consumption at the club (Intervention: 19%; Control: 24%; OR: 0.63 (95% CI 0.40 to 1.00); p=0.05); risk of alcohol-related harm (Intervention: 38%; Control: 45%; OR: 0.58 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.87); p<0.01); alcohol consumption risk (Intervention: 47%; Control: 55%; OR: 0.60 (95% CI 0.41 to 0.87); p<0.01) and possible alcohol dependence (Intervention: 1%; Control: 4%; OR: 0.20 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.65); p<0.01). Conclusions: With large numbers of people worldwide playing, watching and sports officiating, enhancing clubbased alcohol management interventions could make a substantial contribution to reducing the burden of alcohol misuse in communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-999
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume69
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

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