TA-2, a thrombin-like enzyme from the Chinese white-lipped green pitviper (Trimeresurus a/bo/abris): isolation, biochemical and biological characterization

Qiyi He, Heng Li, Bin Zhou, Haoping Wen, Jingbo Li, Bin Xiao, Kang Zhang, Wayne Clarence Hodgson, Xiaodong Yu

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Abstract

Through three chromatographic steps, a new thrombin-like enzyme (TLE), named TA-2, from the venom of the Chinese white-lipped green pitviper (Trimeresurus albolabris) has been isolated and purified to homogeneity. TA-2 was a single-chain glycoprotein with about 6 sugar, pI 3.9 and a molecular weight of 38.8 kD. Its N-terminal sequence (VVGGDECNIN) showed high sequence conformity with many other TLEs. In vitro, it coagulated bovine fibrinogen (108.6 NIH units/mg) and cleaved the Aalpha and Bbeta chains of bovine fibrinogen-releasing fibrinopeptide A and B, but did not degrade bovine fibrin; displayed high stability at different temperature, pH, and presence of several divalent cations and inhibitors; also exhibited strong activity towards casein (192.3 units/mg) and high esterase activity upon Nalpha-p-tosyl-L-arginine methyl ester (11 units/mg); and behaved as a promoter to platelet aggregation induced by ADP or collagen. In vivo, TA-2 caused dose-dependent prolongation of bleeding time in mice, but had no hemorrhagic and edema-inducing activities even at high concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445 - 453
Number of pages9
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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