Systemic hemodynamic responses to chronic angiotensin II infusion into the renal artery of dogs

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Abstract

Chronic intrarenal infusion of angiotensin II (0.5 ng·kg-1·min-1) in dogs increases arterial pressure. In the present study we determined whether this was associated with changes in cardiac output or in total peripheral resistance. Mean arterial pressure did not change initially but was significantly increased over days 14-28 of the infusion period (+6 ± 2 mmHg), as was total peripheral resistance (+4 ± 2 mmHg·min·l-1). Neither cardiac output, renal blood flow, nor glomerular filtration rate was significantly changed over this period. To determine the influence of the autonomic nervous system on the developing hypertension, periodic acute autonomic ganglion blockade was performed. Before angiotensin II infusion ganglion blockade reduced total peripheral resistance and increased cardiac output, and this effect was similar across the 4 wk of angiotensin II infusion. Systemic hemodynamics were not affected by intravenous angiotensin II infusion (0.5 ng·kg-1·min-1). Thus intrarenal infusion of low-dose angiotensin II produced a chronic increase in arterial pressure due to an action within the kidney. The hypertension was associated with increased total peripheral resistance but not with marked changes in cardiac output or renal function or in the influence of the autonomic nervous system on systemic hemodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume273
Issue number6 42-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1997

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Hypertension
  • Renal blood flow
  • Total peripheral resistance

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