Systematically Studying the Effect of Fluoride on the Properties of Cyclophanes Bearing Naphthalene Diimide and Dialkoxyaryl Groups

Nicholas A. Young, Simon C. Drew, Subashani Maniam, Steven J. Langford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Anion-π interactions between the Lewis basic anion fluoride and π-acidic naphthalene diimide was systematically studied in a series of cyclophanes in which the properties are modulated through the influence of a second, electron-rich aromatic unit. The systems and subsequently generated radical anions, upon addition of fluoride, were studied by absorption spectroscopic and EPR techniques. The results infer a modulation as a result of the nature and strength of the π-π interaction in the macrocyclic structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1668-1675
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Anion-pi interactions
  • EPR
  • Fluoride
  • Naphthalene diimide
  • Radicals
  • Sensors

Cite this