Systematic review of GIS and remote sensing applications for assessing the socioeconomic impacts of mining

Michelle Li Ern Ang, John R. Owen, Christopher N. Gibbins, Éléonore Lèbre, Deanna Kemp, Muhamad Risqi U. Saputra, Jo Anne Everingham, Alex M. Lechner

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2 Citations (Scopus)


As the mining industry expands, a comprehensive understanding of its socioeconomic risks and benefits is urgently needed. This paper systematically reviews 71 studies (1996–2021) that utilized spatially integrated approaches to evaluate socioeconomic mining impacts. The number of studies that utilize geographic information systems and remote sensing to study mining impacts increased from 2014 onwards. A framework was used to classify the mining impacts studied in the literature and all eight framework categories – Environment, Land, People, Community, Culture, Livelihoods, Infrastructure and Housing – were captured by the literature though Culture was least studied. Coal mining, active mining phase, Landsat data and classic remote sensing algorithms were most highlighted. Future research should focus on advancing geospatial technology like artificial intelligence (AI) to better capture intangible socioeconomic impacts, under-researched minerals and long-term mine lifecycle components. Spatially referenced social data can improve stakeholder involvement and support spatially explicit planning to ensure sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Environment and Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2023


  • GIS
  • impact assessment
  • mining
  • remote sensing
  • socioeconomic impacts
  • spatially integrated social sciences

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