Well-aligned non-tangled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown in ethanol flames on a nanocrystalline Ni layer that was electro-deposited on a Cu alloy substrate using periodic reverse pulse plating. The morphologies and microstructures of the nanocrystalline layers and the CNTs were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, AFM and laser Raman spectroscopy. It was found that a large area of vertically aligned CNTs with uniform density could be produced with high repeatability by controlling the thickness of the Ni nanocrystalline layer and time in the flame. A low electro-deposition time was favorable for the formation of thin layer nanocrystalline Ni with high local roughness and high catalytic activity on which well-aligned CNTs were generated with overcrowded growth that prevented them from becoming tangled. A low aspect ratio of CNTs was needed to keep them from tangling, and this could be adjusted by controlling the pulse electro-deposition parameters to form the desired catalyst particles. The best CNTs can be produced by passing ethanol through a nanocrystalline Ni layer supported substrate at 600°C for 1 min that had been electro-deposited at an output pulse frequency of 154 Hz with duty cycle of 38. 5% for 1 min.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Xinxing Tan Cailiao/ New Carbon Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2008|
- Carbon nanotube
- Pulse electro-deposition