Synthesis of new polyaniline/nanotube composites using ultrasonically initiated emulsion polymerization

Milena Ginic-Markovic, Janis Matisons, Raoul Cervini, George Philip Simon, Peter Michael Fredericks

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Abstract

Ultrasonically initiated, in situ emulsion polymerization was used to prepare multiwalled carbon nanotube/polyaniline composites (MWNTs/PANI). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the nanotubes were coated with a PANI layer, with the thickness of this coating varying with the content of carbon nanotubes and polymerization conditions. Whereas polyaniline/carbon nanotube composite particles prepared by the conventional stirring method have a highly structured, nodular morphology, ultrasonic initiation leads to long, thin, polymer-wrapped tubes. In the case of ultrasonically initiated in situ emulsion polymerization, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra suggested that site-selective interactions between the quinoid ring of the PANI and the MWNTs facilitate charge-transfer between the two components. In such composites, CNT improved the polymer properties, such as thermal stability, as determined by thermogravimetric analysis and conductivity measured using the four-probe method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6258 - 6265
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume18
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Cite this

Ginic-Markovic, M., Matisons, J., Cervini, R., Simon, G. P., & Fredericks, P. M. (2006). Synthesis of new polyaniline/nanotube composites using ultrasonically initiated emulsion polymerization. Chemistry of Materials, 18(26), 6258 - 6265.