Synthesis of hierarchical nanosheet-assembled V2O5 microflowers with high sensing properties towards amine

X.H. Yang, H. Xie, H.T. Fu, X. Z. An, X. C. Jiang, A.B. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hierarchical three-dimensional nanosheet-assembled vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) microflowers are successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method, followed by a high-temperature sintering treatment. Several advanced techniques are used to characterize the morphology and composition of the resulting nanostructures, such as TEM, HRTEM, SEM, XRD, and BET. The HRTEM image shows that the microflowers are assembled by the nanosheets with highly exposed {010} facets, as confirmed by selected area electron diffraction (SAED). According to N2 sorption isothermals, the as-prepared V2O5 microflowers show high specific surface area of 61.5 m2 g-1. The formation of the microflowers with assistance of NaHCO3, which may play a critical role in the self-assembled process, may be attributed to “reproduction mechanism”. The gas sensing performances of both the V2O5 microflowers and the V2O5 nanosheets were evaluated towards several volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as 1-butylamine, ethanol, acetone, and formaldehyde. The results show that the flower-like structure exhibits superior sensing response and selectivity towards amines to that of sheet-like structure at optimum working temperature of ~300°C. The high selectivity towards 1-butlamie can be ascribed to the selective oxidation mechanism. This work will help explore vanadium oxides as a gas sensor toward volatile organic compounds with high performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87649-87655
Number of pages7
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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