Synthesis and profiling of benzylmorpholine 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane analogue N205: Towards tetraoxane scaffolds with potential for single dose cure of malaria

Paul M. O’ Neill, Paul A. Stocks, Sunil Sabbani, Natalie L. Roberts, Richard K. Amewu, Emma R. Shore, Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Iñigo Angulo-Barturén, María Belén, Jiménez-Díaz, Santiago Ferrer Bazaga, María Santos Martínez, Brice Campo, Raman Sharma, Susan A. Charman, Eileen Ryan, Gong Chen, David M. Shackleford, Jill Davies, Gemma L. NixonGiancarlo A. Biagini, Stephen A. Ward

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Abstract

A series of aryl carboxamide and benzylamino dispiro 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane analogues have been designed and synthesized in a short synthetic sequence from readily available starting materials. From this series of endoperoxides, molecules with in vitro IC50s versus Plasmodium falciparum (3D7) as low as 0.84 nM were identified. Based on an assessment of blood stability and in vitro microsomal stability, N205 (10a) was selected for rodent pharmacokinetic and in vivo antimalarial efficacy studies in the mouse Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium falciparum Pf3D70087/N9 severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse models. The results indicate that the 4-benzylamino derivatives have excellent profiles with a representative of this series, N205, an excellent starting point for further lead optimization studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2996-3005
Number of pages10
JournalBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018

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