Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues are used extensively for the treatment of various hormone-dependent diseases. However, none of the currently marketed derivatives can be administered orally. Modification of peptide sequences by attachment of carbohydrate moieties is a promising strategy that may increase the metabolic stability of the target peptide and enhance its transport across cell membranes, subsequently improving peptide bioavailability. In this study, either the N- or C-terminus of the LHRH peptide was altered by attachment of carbohydrate moieties. Caco-2 cells were chosen as an in vitro model to investigate both the permeability and stability of the new LHRH analogues. Our findings show that conjugating sugar moieties to the N-terminus of the LHRH peptide significantly increased both permeability and metabolic stability of most of the modified LHRH derivatives.
- Carbohydrate moieties
- Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
- Metabolic stability
- Peptide modification