Synthesis and characterization of polylactide/rice husk hydrochar composite

Sabzoi Nizamuddin, Ankit Jadhav, Sundus Saeed Qureshi, Humair Ahmed Baloch, M. T.H. Siddiqui, N. M. Mubarak, Gregory Griffin, Srinivasan Madapusi, Akshat Tanksale, Mohd Imran Ahamed

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Polymer composites are fabricated by incorporating fillers into a polymer matrix. The intent for addition of fillers is to improve the physical, mechanical, chemical and rheological properties of the composite. This study reports on a unique polymer composite using hydrochar, synthesised by microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization of rice husk, as filler in polylactide matrix. The polylactide/hydrochar composites were fabricated by incorporating hydrochar in polylactide at 5%, 10%, 15% and 20 wt% by melt processing in a Haake rheomix at 170 °C. Both the neat polylactide and polylactide/hydrochar composite were characterized for mechanical, structural, thermal and rheological properties. The tensile modulus of polylactide/hydrochar composites was improved from 2.63 GPa (neat polylactide) to 3.16 GPa, 3.33 GPa, 3.54 GPa, and 4.24 GPa after blending with hydrochar at 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%, respectively. Further, the incorporation of hydrochar had little effect on storage modulus (G′) and loss modulus (G″). The findings of this study reported that addition of hydrochar improves some characteristics of polylactide composites suggesting the potential of hydrochar as filler for polymer/hydrochar composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5445
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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