Synthesis and characterisation of polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) constructs for DNA binding and gene delivery

Shane W. Garrett, Owen R. Davies, David A. Milroy, Pauline J. Wood, Colin W. Pouton, Michael D. Threadgill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Improved non-viral vector systems are needed for efficient delivery of DNA to target cell nuclei in gene therapy. A series of linear polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) constructs has been synthesised by reaction of appropriately Boc-protected thermine derivatives with ω-methoxyPEG oxiranylmethyl ethers. Constructs carrying 1-3 MeOPEG units and 0, 2 or 4 N-methyl groups have been prepared by this method. H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NHBoc was prepared efficiently by mono-trifluoroacetylation of thermine, attachment of Boc and removal of the trifluoroacetyl group in one pot. A similar process gave H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2. BocMeN(CH2)3NHMe was alkylated by 1,3-dibromopropane to give BocMeN(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMeBoc. A cyanoethylation/reduction sequence extended H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2 to give H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2, which was converted to its mono- and di-MeOPEG550 derivatives. Deprotection gave the linear polyamine-MeOPEG constructs. A branched triamine-poly(ethylene glycol) construct was prepared by acylation of (BocHN(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NH2 with ω-methoxyPEG 550 chloroformate, followed by deprotection. A cyanoethylation/reduction/protection sequence from (H2N(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NHBoc gave a protected pentamine. Alkylation with Br(CH2)5CONH(CH2)2NHBoc, deprotection, acylation with MeOPEG chloroformate and deprotection gave a pentamine-MeOPEG construct in which the MeOPEG is attached through a linker to the central amine. The linear hexamine construct carrying MeOPEG550 at only one terminus was the most effective DNA-interactive member of the two series in an ethidium displacement assay and was effective in delivering a reporter gene to RIF-1 tumours. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1797
Number of pages19
JournalBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animals Binding, Competitive Cell Nucleus/metabolism Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/genetics/metabolism DNA/administration & dosage/*metabolism/ultrastructure Drug Compounding *Drug Delivery Systems Ethidium/metabolism Female Genes, Reporter/genetics Humans Mice Mice, Inbred C3H Polyamines/chemical synthesis/*metabolism Polyethylene Glycols/chemical synthesis/*metabolism Sarcoma, Experimental/genetics/metabolism Surface-Active Agents/chemical synthesis/chemistry/metabolism Transfection/methods

Cite this

Garrett, Shane W. ; Davies, Owen R. ; Milroy, David A. ; Wood, Pauline J. ; Pouton, Colin W. ; Threadgill, Michael D. / Synthesis and characterisation of polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) constructs for DNA binding and gene delivery. In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 2000 ; Vol. 8, No. 7. pp. 1779-1797.
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title = "Synthesis and characterisation of polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) constructs for DNA binding and gene delivery",
abstract = "Improved non-viral vector systems are needed for efficient delivery of DNA to target cell nuclei in gene therapy. A series of linear polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) constructs has been synthesised by reaction of appropriately Boc-protected thermine derivatives with ω-methoxyPEG oxiranylmethyl ethers. Constructs carrying 1-3 MeOPEG units and 0, 2 or 4 N-methyl groups have been prepared by this method. H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NHBoc was prepared efficiently by mono-trifluoroacetylation of thermine, attachment of Boc and removal of the trifluoroacetyl group in one pot. A similar process gave H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2. BocMeN(CH2)3NHMe was alkylated by 1,3-dibromopropane to give BocMeN(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMeBoc. A cyanoethylation/reduction sequence extended H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2 to give H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2, which was converted to its mono- and di-MeOPEG550 derivatives. Deprotection gave the linear polyamine-MeOPEG constructs. A branched triamine-poly(ethylene glycol) construct was prepared by acylation of (BocHN(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NH2 with ω-methoxyPEG 550 chloroformate, followed by deprotection. A cyanoethylation/reduction/protection sequence from (H2N(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NHBoc gave a protected pentamine. Alkylation with Br(CH2)5CONH(CH2)2NHBoc, deprotection, acylation with MeOPEG chloroformate and deprotection gave a pentamine-MeOPEG construct in which the MeOPEG is attached through a linker to the central amine. The linear hexamine construct carrying MeOPEG550 at only one terminus was the most effective DNA-interactive member of the two series in an ethidium displacement assay and was effective in delivering a reporter gene to RIF-1 tumours. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.",
keywords = "Animals Binding, Competitive Cell Nucleus/metabolism Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/genetics/metabolism DNA/administration & dosage/*metabolism/ultrastructure Drug Compounding *Drug Delivery Systems Ethidium/metabolism Female Genes, Reporter/genetics Humans Mice Mice, Inbred C3H Polyamines/chemical synthesis/*metabolism Polyethylene Glycols/chemical synthesis/*metabolism Sarcoma, Experimental/genetics/metabolism Surface-Active Agents/chemical synthesis/chemistry/metabolism Transfection/methods",
author = "Garrett, {Shane W.} and Davies, {Owen R.} and Milroy, {David A.} and Wood, {Pauline J.} and Pouton, {Colin W.} and Threadgill, {Michael D.}",
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Synthesis and characterisation of polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) constructs for DNA binding and gene delivery. / Garrett, Shane W.; Davies, Owen R.; Milroy, David A.; Wood, Pauline J.; Pouton, Colin W.; Threadgill, Michael D.

In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 8, No. 7, 2000, p. 1779-1797.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Synthesis and characterisation of polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) constructs for DNA binding and gene delivery

AU - Garrett, Shane W.

AU - Davies, Owen R.

AU - Milroy, David A.

AU - Wood, Pauline J.

AU - Pouton, Colin W.

AU - Threadgill, Michael D.

N1 - M1 - 7 Garrett, S W Davies, O R Milroy, D A Wood, P J Pouton, C W Threadgill, M D Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry Bioorg Med Chem. 2000 Jul;8(7):1779-97.

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N2 - Improved non-viral vector systems are needed for efficient delivery of DNA to target cell nuclei in gene therapy. A series of linear polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) constructs has been synthesised by reaction of appropriately Boc-protected thermine derivatives with ω-methoxyPEG oxiranylmethyl ethers. Constructs carrying 1-3 MeOPEG units and 0, 2 or 4 N-methyl groups have been prepared by this method. H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NHBoc was prepared efficiently by mono-trifluoroacetylation of thermine, attachment of Boc and removal of the trifluoroacetyl group in one pot. A similar process gave H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2. BocMeN(CH2)3NHMe was alkylated by 1,3-dibromopropane to give BocMeN(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMeBoc. A cyanoethylation/reduction sequence extended H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2 to give H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2, which was converted to its mono- and di-MeOPEG550 derivatives. Deprotection gave the linear polyamine-MeOPEG constructs. A branched triamine-poly(ethylene glycol) construct was prepared by acylation of (BocHN(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NH2 with ω-methoxyPEG 550 chloroformate, followed by deprotection. A cyanoethylation/reduction/protection sequence from (H2N(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NHBoc gave a protected pentamine. Alkylation with Br(CH2)5CONH(CH2)2NHBoc, deprotection, acylation with MeOPEG chloroformate and deprotection gave a pentamine-MeOPEG construct in which the MeOPEG is attached through a linker to the central amine. The linear hexamine construct carrying MeOPEG550 at only one terminus was the most effective DNA-interactive member of the two series in an ethidium displacement assay and was effective in delivering a reporter gene to RIF-1 tumours. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

AB - Improved non-viral vector systems are needed for efficient delivery of DNA to target cell nuclei in gene therapy. A series of linear polyamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) constructs has been synthesised by reaction of appropriately Boc-protected thermine derivatives with ω-methoxyPEG oxiranylmethyl ethers. Constructs carrying 1-3 MeOPEG units and 0, 2 or 4 N-methyl groups have been prepared by this method. H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NHBoc was prepared efficiently by mono-trifluoroacetylation of thermine, attachment of Boc and removal of the trifluoroacetyl group in one pot. A similar process gave H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2. BocMeN(CH2)3NHMe was alkylated by 1,3-dibromopropane to give BocMeN(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMe(CH2)3NMeBoc. A cyanoethylation/reduction sequence extended H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2 to give H2N(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NBoc(CH2)3NH2, which was converted to its mono- and di-MeOPEG550 derivatives. Deprotection gave the linear polyamine-MeOPEG constructs. A branched triamine-poly(ethylene glycol) construct was prepared by acylation of (BocHN(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NH2 with ω-methoxyPEG 550 chloroformate, followed by deprotection. A cyanoethylation/reduction/protection sequence from (H2N(CH2)3)2N(CH2)3NHBoc gave a protected pentamine. Alkylation with Br(CH2)5CONH(CH2)2NHBoc, deprotection, acylation with MeOPEG chloroformate and deprotection gave a pentamine-MeOPEG construct in which the MeOPEG is attached through a linker to the central amine. The linear hexamine construct carrying MeOPEG550 at only one terminus was the most effective DNA-interactive member of the two series in an ethidium displacement assay and was effective in delivering a reporter gene to RIF-1 tumours. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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