Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Evidence of linkage and association in the Irish population

Ziarih Hawi, K. Brophy, A. Kirley, M Fitzgerald, Michael Gill

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Several lines of evidence have suggested that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a polygenic condition produced by the interaction of several genes each of a minor effect. Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) is a presynaptic plasma membrane protein which is expressed highly and specifically in the nerve cells. The gene encodes a protein essential for synaptic vesicle fusion and neurotransmitter release. Animal model studies showed that the coloboma mouse mutant has a hyperactive phenotype similar to that of ADHD. The hyperactive phenotype of this model has been shown to be the result of a deletion of the SNAP-25 genel. DNA variations within or closely mapped to the SNAP-25 gene may alter the level of expression and hence may have an effect on the function of synaptic vesicle fusion and neurotransmitter release. Using HHRR and TDT we analysed 93 ADHD nuclear families from Ireland and found increased preferential transmission of SNAP-25/Ddel allele 1 to ADHD cases; HHRR ((Chi square = 6.55, P = 0.01) and linkage (TDT) (Chi square = 6.5, P = 0.015). This provides preliminary evidence for the involvement of SNAP-25 in predisposing to ADHD at least in the Irish population. Replication of these results is required to firmly implicate SNAP-25 in the aetiology of ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634
Number of pages1
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes

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