Suture material choice can increase risk of hypersensitivity in hand trauma patients

Mayank Koppa, Rosemary House, Vicky Tobin, Warren M. Rozen, David J. Hunter-Smith, Stephen J. Goldie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hypersensitivity is an unfortunate potential outcome in patients undergoing surgery following traumatic injuries to their hands. In our practice, we noted that certain suture types may increase the risk of the patient developing hypersensitivity. Methodology: We conducted a retrospective observational study to investigate if certain suture materials increase the risk of hypersensitivity when used to repair surgical wounds in hand trauma. Patients undergoing hand trauma surgery over a period of five consecutive months were included in the study. Ethics committee approval was obtained from Peninsula Health’s research office. Results: 184 patients were included in the study. Hypersensitivity was observed in 30 (16.3%) patients post-operatively. Chromic gut suture was used in 53.3% of the patients who experienced hypersensitivity. Patients who had chromic catgut used in their surgery were 2.82 times more likely to develop hypersensitivity than patients who did not have chromic gut used (p = 0.0015). If a patient had a nerve repaired and chromic gut sutured used, they were 6.50 times more likely to develop hypersensitivity (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Surgeons should be aware that this data indicates that suture choice in hand trauma patients can greatly impact the risk of the patient developing hypersensitivity. Level of evidence: Level IV, risk/prognostic study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Hand trauma patients
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Suture material choice

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