Sustaining GHz oscillation of carbon nanotube based oscillators via a MHz frequency excitation

Benyamin Motevalli Soumehsaraei, Neda Taherifar, Jefferson Zhe Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been intensive studies to investigate the properties of gigahertz nano-oscillators based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Many of these studies, however, revealed that the unique telescopic translational oscillations in such devices would damp quickly due to various energy dissipation mechanisms. This challenge remains the primary obstacle against its practical applications. Herein, we propose a design concept in which a GHz oscillation could be re-excited by a MHz mechanical motion. This design involves a triple-walled CNT, in which sliding of the longer inner tube at a MHz frequency can re-excite and sustain a GHz oscillation of the shorter middle tube. Our molecular dynamics (MD) simulations prove this design concept at ∼10 nm scale. A mathematical model is developed to explore the feasibility at a larger size scale. As an example, in an oscillatory system with the CNT’s length above 100 nm, the high oscillatory frequency range of 1.8–3.3 GHz could be excited by moving the inner tube at a much lower frequency of 53.4 MHz. This design concept together with the mechanical model could energize the development of GHz nano-oscillators in miniaturized electro-mechanical devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number205501
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNanotechnology
Volume27
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2016

Keywords

  • GHz oscillators
  • Telescopic oscillations
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Oscillatory frequency

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