Surgical menopause versus natural menopause and cardio-metabolic disturbances: A 12-year population-based cohort study

M. Farahmand, F. Ramezani Tehrani, M. Bahri Khomami, M. Noroozzadeh, F. Azizi

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25 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Menopausal status exposes women to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This study was performed to compare the effect of menopausal types, including surgical and natural, on metabolic syndrome and other metabolic disorders 3 years before and after menopause. Methods: Of 437 postmenopausal women, who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 13 women with surgical menopause and 39 age-matched controls with natural menopause were selected. During the follow-up period, changes in metabolic and biochemical profiles were compared between surgical and natural menopause women. Results: Odds of incidence of metabolic syndrome in surgical menopause women, compared to natural menopause women, was 9.7 (95 % CI 1.8-51.8). Conclusions: Metabolic disturbances after menopause are highly influenced by type of menopause and are more prevalent in those undergoing surgical menopause.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-767
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Natural menopause
  • Surgical menopause
  • Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

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