Surface-Confined Amorphous Films from Metal-Coordinated Simple Phenolic Ligands

Md Arifur Rahim, Kristian Kempe, Markus Müllner, Hirotaka Ejima, Yi Ju, Martin P. Van Koeverden, Tomoya Suma, Julia A. Braunger, Michael G. Leeming, Brendan F. Abrahams, Frank Caruso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)


Coordination chemistry of natural polyphenols and transition metals allows rapid self-assembly of conformal coatings on diverse substrates. Herein, we report that this coordination-driven self-assembly process applies to simple phenolic molecules with monotopic or ditopic chelating sites (as opposed to macromolecular, multitopic polyphenols), leading to surface-confined amorphous films upon metal coordination. Films fabricated from gallic acid, pyrogallol, and pyrocatechol, which are the major monomeric building blocks of polyphenols, have been studied in detail. Pyrocatechol, with one vicinal diol group (i.e., bidentate), has been observed to be the limiting case for such assembly. This study expands the toolbox of available phenolic ligands for the formation of surface-confined amorphous films, which may find application in catalysis, energy, optoelectronics, and the biomedical sciences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5825-5832
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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