Surface-coated fly ash reinforced biodegradable poly(vinyl alcohol) composite films: Part 2-analysis and characterization

Dilip Chandra Deb Nath, Sri Bandyopadhyay, Jonathan A Campbell, Aibing Yu, Daryl Blackburn, Chris White

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Composite films of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) reinforced with 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 wt. surface-coated fly ash by surfactant, sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS-FA) along with 1 wt. cross-linking agent, glutaraldehyde (GLA) were prepared by aqueous casting method. The tensile strengths of the composite films were increased proportionally with the addition of SLS-FA. The maximum 75 higher strength of the composite with 20 wt. was achieved compared to that of neat PVA. The modulus of the composites was also increased proportionally with SLS-FA and the maximum 218 reached in composite with 20 wt. , but the strain at break was decreased with addition of SLS-FA. Changes in FTIR spectra reflect the chemical and/or physical bonding in the ternary PVA, SLS-FA and GLA component systems. In the study of surface morphology, the connectivity was visualized in SEM images along with interstitial voids. The films with SLS-FA show 53 smoother surface calculated with AFM compared to unmodified FA composite films.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216 - 1221
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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